Our mathematical curriculum ensures that children have a full conceptual understanding of mathematics.
Every time a new concept is introduced, we teach using the CPA (Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract) approach. We begin our learning using CONCRETE resources such as Numicon, Base 10, Multilink and place value counters to explore underlying concepts. When children are ready, they will use a PICTORIAL representation to develop their understanding (referring back to the concrete resources used). The final stage moves the children on to an ABSTRACT method where they will use numbers and symbols to represent their maths learning. Some children may spend longer on each of the concrete or pictorial stages to ensure their understanding is secure.
Examples of the link between concrete, pictorial and abstract can be seen on our Pyramid Calculation Policy (showing methods for addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) Published November 2017.
Children are also taught appropriate vocabulary to explain their learning. Teachers identify stem sentences which provide support to pupils for verbal reasoning.
Children’s problem solving strategies are supported by the REAL approach.