At Edgar Sewter we follow the LCP planning for the teaching of Phonics. This coincides with the Letters and Sounds document. Phonics lessons are fast paced and follow the Recap, Teach, Practise and Apply format. All pupils are actively learning and the expectation as children reach KS1 is to read 40 words per lesson.

Children start Phonics in Nursery, they begin at Phase 1 where there is a big emphasis on speaking and listening skills. This lays the foundation for all Phonics work before any sounds are taught. Phase 1 is split into seven aspects, the final aspect focusing on oral segmenting and blending.

Children then proceed to Phase 2 where the first initial sounds are taught. Some begin this in Nursery, if they are ready, if not this is started in Reception where they begin with whole class teaching of Phase 2 followed by Phase 3. Each half term, or at the end of a phase, children are assessed. Children are then placed into Phonics groups suited to their developmental stage. Children are carefully tracked throughout the year, through half termly assessments. Intervention is then planned and given to any children who may not be on track.

Children in Reception are reading the Jelly and Beans books. This is a phonetically decodable reading scheme. When they are ready they are given a book to take home / be listened to regularly at home. Their book band is tracked and matched to their Phonics teaching.

In Reception children also start the rainbow reader challenge. This challenge breaks down the first 75 key / tricky words into 10 coloured sets. Children learn to read the words and recognise them by sight. After a set is completed they move onto the next coloured set. Once the children are able to read all 10 sets (75 key / tricky words) they are a rainbow reader! The rainbow reader challenge has really helped the children with their reading books and has helped to develop fluency as children are able to recognise sight words easily. When children become a rainbow reader they move on to become a rainbow writer by practicing to write the 75 key / tricky words.

In KS1 the children are assessed as they come in to see where they are in their Phonics journey. They are then placed into a group appropriate to them.The same process of assessing each half term, and formally assessing using the Phonics Screening Check at regular points throughout the year, enables us to carefully track the children. Interventions are tailored to the children’s needs to plug any gaps in the child’s Phonics knowledge. In Year 2, Phase 6 is taught, which covers spellings and grammar rules.

Children in KS1 use Songbirds / Big Cat Phonics books for their home reading scheme. These books are all phonetically decodable and tie in with the Phonics teaching from school. Children are moved onto the next stage / colour book band when they are 90% fluent. This is also tracked alongside their Phonics phase to ensure that this matches.

Any child higher up the school that is not reading fluently, or requires further Phonics teaching, will have daily Phonics lessons following this same format.